英文

下一篇

Editorial : AI development

【明報專訊】ON her visit to Japan, Carrie Lam, the Chief Executive, advertised the idea of the Great Bay Area to strive for greater cooperation on innovation and technology between the two regions.

The development of innovation and technology is a global trend. Hong Kong is playing catch-up to strive for the status as an international centre in this regard. Not only does Hong Kong have a sophisticated level of academic research on innovation and technology, but there are also talented people in the area. Over the past two years, the government has proposed a number of measures, providing funding to support scientific research in universities, pushing forward with a "re-industrialisation" initiative and supporting enterprises that pursue innovation and technology. Though the proportion of such investments is not as high as that of neighbouring regions such as Shenzhen and Singapore, the government has, after all, taken a step in the right direction. What Hong Kong needs most now is to further build up its strength in scientific research and combine its own advantages and the country's strategy for development to promote the applications of such technologies and the development of industries.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an important driving force behind the new round of technological revolution and industrial reform. It is also of the utmost importance for the country's strategy for development. This week the Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China convened a learning session to understand the trends of the development of AI. The speeding up of the development of a new generation of AI will be an important strategic resource for the country's technological development, upgrading of its industries and a leap in productivity. As can be seen in the struggle between China and the US, it is necessary to "keep a tight grip" on the crucial, core technologies.

The central government has come up with a blueprint for the development of AI. It will spend US$150 billion over the next ten years to strive to become a leading AI nation by 2030. The government will fully support domestic scientists in their foray into the "uncharted territory" of the forefront of AI to promote the industrialisation of AI technologies and the reform of all sectors. Even Western experts admit that the AI race has become a two-horse race between China and the US, which will determine which country will claim the title of the world's leading economic and technological power. China enjoys the advantages of strong support from the nation's policies and the colossal amount of data from its 700-million-strong netizens. As for the US, its strengths lie in the fact that it already has lots of AI experts and the solid foundations of scientific research at civilian level.

To Hong Kong, the development of AI is beneficial to the full upgrading of the financial and service industries and the economic diversification of Hong Kong's industries. What is regrettable is that Hong Kong's progress in applying AI has been slow, and mainstream society is not prepared to embrace AI. According to the Asian Index of Artificial Intelligence compiled by the Asia Business Council, mainland China is atop the list of eight regions of Asia, pulling far ahead of Singapore, India and Japan. Hong Kong, in contrast, is in second last place, just ahead of Indonesia.

Recently the vice-chancellors of the University of Hong Kong (HKU), the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) said in unison during a forum that Hong Kong's cooperation with mainland China will be beneficial to its development of innovation and technology. The HKUST has said that it is planning to set up a campus in Guangzhou at the invitation of the Guangzhou government, which will mainly enrol graduate students with a focus on the development of areas such as AI, data science and financial technology. It is hoped that the new campus and the main campus in Hong Kong will combine their complementary strengths. This is a good opportunity for enhancing Hong Kong's scientific research capability and should be seized.

明報社評2018.11.02:創科發展忌畫地為牢 香港須引進來走出去

行政長官林鄭月娥訪問日本,推銷大灣區概念,爭取加強兩地創科合作。

創科發展是全球大趨勢,香港亦在急起直追,爭取成為國際創科中心。本港科研學術水平高,亦有優秀科研人才。過去兩年,政府提出多項政策,撥款支援大學科研、推動「再工業化」和支持創科企業,雖然資源投入比例仍比不上深圳和新加坡等鄰近地區,然而總算踏出正確一步。目前香港最需要的是壯大自身科研實力,結合自身優勢與國家發展策略,推動科技應用和產業發展。

人工智能(AI)是新一輪科技革命和產業變革的重要驅動力量,亦是國家發展策略重中之重。本周中共中央政治局舉行學習會,了解人工智能發展趨勢,加快發展新一代人工智能,將成為國家科技發展、產業升級、生產力躍進的重要戰略資源,由中美角力可以看到,關鍵核心技術必須「牢牢掌握在自己手裏」。

中央已經為人工智能發展定下藍圖,未來10年將投入1500億美元,力爭2030年成為領先全球的AI大國,當局將全力支持國內科學家,勇闖人工智能科技前沿「無人區」,推進AI技術產業化,促進各行各業革新。就連西方專家亦承認,AI競賽已成為中美兩強之爭,勝負關乎誰是全球頭號經濟科技大國,中方優勢在於強大政策支援,以及來自7億網民的海量數據資料;美方優勢在於已有大量AI專才,以及民間雄厚科研基礎。

對於本港來說,發展人工智能,有助全面提升金融和服務業,有利香港經濟產業多元化,遺憾是本港在人工智能應用方面步伐緩慢,主流社會未有擁抱人工智能準備。根據亞洲企業領袖協會的「亞洲人工智能指數」,中國內地在亞洲8地獨佔鰲頭,遙遙領先新加坡、印度和日本,反觀香港竟排尾二,僅比印尼優勝。

近日港大、中大和科大校長出席論壇,三人一致認為,香港與內地合作,有助創科發展。科大表示計劃應廣州政府邀請,在廣州設立分校,主要取錄研究生,重點發展人工智能、數據科學和金融科技等領域,盼與香港本部互補相長。這是提升本港科研實力的好機會,應該好好把握。

■Glossary

driving force : someone or something that strongly influences people and makes them do something

leap : a sudden large change or increase in sth

two-horse : If you describe a contest as a two-horse race, you mean that only two of the people or things taking part have any chance of winning.

上 / 下一篇新聞