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Ask & Learn聞問切:關係代詞(上)

【明報專訊】上次回答Leo有關 relative adverb 關係副詞 where 的用法,這次順帶講解 relative pronoun 關係代詞的一些基本常識。

關係代詞最常用的有 which、who、whom, whose和that,也包括whichever、whoever和whomever。它們既是代詞,又是連接詞,把名詞及關係子句連接起來,組成複句。Which 用來代替事物或動物,who 代替人物,whom 是who的賓語形態或賓格(objective case),而whose 表達從屬關係,即所有格 (possessive case). That 跟which同樣用來代替事物或動物,但用法較為特別,這個留待下次再說。

先舉一個例子:

Tom won the marathon yesterday.

Tom trained very hard.

這兩句的內容都和Tom 有關,我們可以利用關係代詞的who 把它們連起來。

Tom, who trained very hard, won the marathon yesterday.

同樣情况,我們也可以用另外兩句來形容。

The winner of the marathon was Tom.

Tom trained very hard.

把它們連起來就變成:

The winner of the marathon was Tom, who trained very hard.

Have you got any questions about English usage? Don't hesitate to send them to us!

■譚景輝 (english@mingpao.com)

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