英文

名人教英文:Just in case 以防某事發生

【明報專訊】Gina: So where are you off to?

吉娜:你要去那裏?

Kit: I'm going to the County Horse Trials. It's the first event of the year and it's the cross-country today.

基特:去看本郡的馬術三項賽。這是今年第一項賽事,而今天舉辦越野賽。

Gina: Oh, I went last year. Hilary Keefe won it. Is she riding today?

吉娜:哦,我去年也有去看,希拉里.基夫當時得勝,今天會出賽嗎?

Kit: Yes, and she's the favourite. But the competition is really hot.

基特:會。一般都認為她會奪標,但競爭十分激烈。

Gina: Well the weather seems to be OK at the moment but there may be rain this afternoon.

吉娜:目前天氣看來還好,但下午可能下雨。

Kit: Yes, I saw that and I've got my rain gear with me just in case. But I hope it doesn't. That would make the ground slippery and difficult for the horses.

基特:不錯,我也看到預告,所以帶了雨具,但希望沒雨吧,否則地上濕滑,馬匹奔跑會較為困難。

Gina: I know. Let's hope it stays dry.

吉娜:是啊,希望繼續好天吧。◆

In case 與 just in case 一般譯做「以防萬一」,但「以防萬一」是指預防不大可能發生的事,(just) in case 則只是「以防某事會發生」,並無「萬一」含義 。留意 (just) in case 與 in case of 意思相同,不過,(just) in case 之後會用子句 (clause),in case of 之後則會用名詞,而 just in case 則常用於句末,例如: (1) I'll write it down (just) in case I forget(我會寫下來,以免忘記)。(2) Call 999 in case of fire or other emergency(假如失火或有其他緊急事故,就打九九九) 。(3) He is a violent man. Take a gun with you, just in case(他是個暴徒,你最好還是帶支槍)。

̷̷ 作者︰古德明 ̷

作者簡介﹕專研中英文,著有時事評論、英語學習、散文等書籍。

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