英文

下一篇

Editorial : HK innovation and technology development and the Greater Bay Area

【明報專訊】CHIEF EXECUTIVE Carrie Lam and many other speakers shared their views in the "Hong Kong Repositioning: Developing an International Innovation and Technology (I&T) Hub" forum organised by Ming Pao yesterday (April 1). Lam said that the government had spent tens of billions of Hong Kong Dollars on a number of policies and measures, providing concessions for the industry and helping nurture talent. It had also invested vigorously in research funds to improve I&T infrastructure. These measures had achieved a certain degree of success, Lam said, and while in the past "there were the seeds but not the soil", the situation had changed. She particularly mentioned the government's proposal to build two world-class platforms in Hong Kong Science Park for medical technology and artificial intelligence to attract top organisations across the globe to establish a presence in Hong Kong and build research centres together with local universities and research institutes. Initial reception has been pretty good, as a number of prestigious European and American universities including Harvard University, Stanford University and John Hopkins University in the US; Imperial College London and University College London in the UK; Institut Pasteur in France; and Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft in Germany have signed memoranda of cooperation with Hong Kong institutions to agree to operate in Hong Kong, showing the international community's optimism about the outlook for I&T in Hong Kong.

There is no lack of conditions for the development of I&T in Hong Kong — just look at aspects such as science, education, capital and the legal system, which are all Hong Kong's strengths. However, to promote the development of I&T, it is necessary to build an ecosystem that links these elements closely. Compared with the governments in neighbouring regions, the Hong Kong government has not invested enough in I&T. Local corporations' investment in I&T also falls far behind that of mainland and South Korean corporations. There are first-rate people in I&T in Hong Kong. The key is to overcome the problems of a business culture that prioritises the pursuit of quick returns and the structural obstacle to the industrialisation of I&T.

It often takes outside forces for one to break through existing barriers. The building of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area will bring about exactly this effect to the development of I&T in Hong Kong. As pointed out by Tsui Lap-chee, founding president of the Academy of Sciences of Hong Kong, Shenzhen is a good partner of Hong Kong's on its path of I&T. The presence of first-class universities and a hub for research and manufacture in the Greater Bay Area means that it can handle all the components of I&T in the upper, middle and lower reaches.

The emphasis of the development of the Greater Bay Area is on overcoming the obstacles to the flow of "innovation elements". In the future, the movement of talents between Hong Kong and other cities in the Greater Bay Area such as Shenzhen is likely to become even more frequent. Determining which city will attract a higher number of talents and start-ups to settle in Hong Kong will be whether the government policies are on the mark and whether the ecosystem is conducive to I&T. These are the two areas on which Hong Kong has to work harder. Hong Kong needs to upgrade its strength in I&T and should not confine itself to being a place for share listing and fundraising for the industry. Rather than playing the "middleman", Hong Kong should seize the opportunity for the development of I&T opened up by the Greater Bay Area and take part in it actively. Even more important is that if foreign research institutes and corporations settle in Hong Kong only on a franchise basis with the goal of gaining a foothold on the mainland rather than relocating their research projects to Hong Kong, the help to Hong Kong's development of I&T will be extremely limited.

明報社評2019.04.02:破「high-tech揩嘢」思維 灣區創科還須協作

《明報》昨天舉辦「香港再定位:邁向國際科技創新中心」高峰論壇,行政長官林鄭月娥和多位講者分享了他們的看法。林鄭表示,近年政府投放數以百億計港元,推出多項政策優惠和人才措施,大力注資研究基金,改善創科基建,取得一定成效,以往香港在創科方面「有種子無土壤」的情况已見變化。她還特別提到,政府建議在科學園建設醫療科技和人工智能兩個世界級創新平台,吸納全球頂尖機構落戶香港,與本港大學及研發機構,共同設立研究中心,初步反應相當好,已有美國的哈佛、史丹福、約翰霍普金斯;英國的帝國、倫大;法國巴斯德和德國弗勞恩霍夫研究所等多間歐美著名大學與本港學府簽訂合作備忘錄,願意落戶香港,反映外界看好香港創科前景。

本港不乏創科發展條件,單看科學、教育、資金和法制等每個環節,都有很強實力,可是若要促進創科發展,必須建立起一個生態系統,將這些元素緊密扣連起來。若與鄰近地區政府相比,港府在創科方面的投入仍嫌不足;本地企業的科研投入,亦遠遠不及內地和韓國。香港有一流科研人才,問題在於必須克服急功近利賺快錢的營商文化,以及解決科研技術產業化的結構障礙。

走出既有框框,往往需要借助外力,粵港澳大灣區建設對於香港創科發展,正好可以發揮這樣的作用。港科院創院院長徐立之指出,在發展創科道路上,深圳是香港一個良好合作伙伴,大灣區擁有一流學府,加上研究、生產的基地,科技創新上中下游都能包辦。

大灣區發展,強調破除制約創新要素流動的障礙,未來本港與深圳等灣區城市的人才往來勢將更加頻繁,誰能吸引更多人才和創科企業落戶,既要看政府政策是否有力到位,亦要看各地創科生態是否良好,香港在這兩方面仍須努力。香港需要提升自身創科實力,不能止於作為創科產業上市融資地方。香港應好好把握大灣區創科發展機遇,積極參與其中,而不是僅僅充當「中間人」;更要注意,如果外國科研機構和企業落戶香港僅屬掛單性質,但求進軍內地,並非切實將研究發展項目帶來香港,對本港創科發展幫助將非常有限。

■Glossary

memorandum : a record of a legal agreement which has not yet been formally prepared and signed

outlook : the probable future for sb/sth; what is likely to happen

first-rate : of the very best quality

上 / 下一篇新聞