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Ask & Learn聞問切:To some

【明報專訊】韻文問:They seemed to some to involve violence 一句, some to 是什麼意思?

這一句的結構,並不是 They seemed to / some to / involve violence,而是 They seemed / to some / to involve violence。也就是說,基本句子是They seemed to involve violence,然後再把to some 加插進去,就變成現有的句子了。如果還不清楚,我們可以想像to some 是在句子前面,那就變成:

To some, they seemed to involve violence.

這樣一來, to some 就是「對一些人來說」,they所指是什麼我們不知道,須看原文的 antecedent 先行詞。整句的意思,粗略譯出來應是:

對一些人來說,they(它們、她們或他們)似乎都涉及暴力。

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譚景輝

(english@mingpao.com)

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