英文

上一篇

英語文法學堂:What is selflessness?

【明報專訊】Only as man withdraws from himself in the sense of releasing self-centered interest and attention will he gain an authentic mode of existence.

— Viktor E. Frankl, in Psychotherapy and Existentialism

It is the ability to purify my thoughts and my whole being, which allows me to align with other eternal qualities of being, such as love, generosity, creativity and wisdom. I wish to emphasise that "selflessness" is the foundation of wisdom and a key to the universe. It seems to have its place in Kensho(見性)or Satori(悟), in terms of Zen Buddhism or in Nirvana(涅槃).

I have to admit that, although I have been taught since my childhood that we, humans, should not be selfish, but I have never been taught to be selfless! Selfishness refers to a state of mind in which one only cares for oneself or primarily about one's own interests, benefits or well-being while totally ignoring others. However, being selfless seems nobler than but is not limited to being selfish. It includes the insignificance and non-existence of oneself. As Viktor Frankl mentioned above, only as man withdraws from himself in the sense of "releasing self-centered interest and attention will he gain an authentic mode of existence". Selflessness is related to our mode of existence, which is also related to human potential as Maslow also stated that human beings need to be selfless and step out from their "humanness" nature of protecting themselves in order to look for their human potential.

Selflessness is not only an embodiment of unselfishness, but also a state of mind in which we can set aside our own interests.

■(text edited and abridged)

■資料提供:Selflessness: a Key to Wisdom

■by Dr Pak-Kei Kan

■Editor's Note

Align (sb/sth) with sb/sth 指讓某物和另一物一致,亦可指支持某組織,如Tom aligns himself with the pro-establishment camp。

■Giveaway

Do you want to get a copy of the book? Send your answer to the following question, your name, address and telephone number to english@mingpao.com. The giveaway closes on 9 January 2019. The winner will be picked and notified.

Question: In your opinion, what is selflessness? How can we become a selfless person?

■Last week's winner: Sharon Tang

■Thanks: Red Publish

上 / 下一篇新聞